Cold area on Earth- Cryosphere

Yogesh Pant
Yogesh Pant is a final year student in Electronics and Communication Engineering. He loves to write about the technology and its effects and is passionate for astronomy. The dynamism of technology excites him a lot.
Yogesh Pant
Yogesh Pant

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Yogesh Pant
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Here, we are going to discuss about Cryosphere, the cold area on Earth. Earth has got a great diversity in terms of temperature. Be it the temperature of the land or the atmosphere, there are large variations around the globe.

Cold area on earth

Cold area on earth: Introduction

Some places on Earth are so cold that water is present in its solid form there i.e. either ice or snow. Here, very low temperatures freeze water and turn it into ice. Scientists call these frozen places of our planet the “Cryosphere.

The word “Cryosphere” comes from the Greek word for cold, “kryos”.

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When we talk about Cryosphere, people most often think of it as being present at the Polar Regions. We call the area around the North Pole the Arctic and the area around the South Pole the Antarctic. But snow and ice are also found at many other locations on Earth.

Various Regions of the cold area on earth

  • The Arctic Region:

    The North Pole is covered by a cold ocean called the Arctic Ocean. In the Arctic Ocean, sea ice grows in the winter and shrinks in the summer. Frozen ground and permafrost ring the Arctic Ocean. Glaciers, snow, and ice cover the nearby land, including a thick sheet of snow and ice covering Greenland.

  • The Antarctic Region:

    Antarctica, at Earth’s South Pole, is an icy continent. A huge ice sheet covers the land mass of Antarctica and, in some places, shelves of floating ice extends into the ocean. The outer sections of ice break off or “calve” from these shelves and form icebergs. The icebergs float in the oceans, melting and falling apart as they drift into warmer waters.

  • The other regions:

    The Cryosphere also exists in places far away from the cold poles, at high elevations. For example, the snow on Mount Kilimanjaro, in Africa. Frozen soil can be found high in the mountains of the United States.
    It can also be found in the northern reaches of Canada, China, and Russia.
    The Cryosphere expands during the cold winter months.
    Seasonal areas of the Cryosphere include places where snow falls, and where soil, rivers, and lakes freeze.


Constitution of the cold area on earth

Snow, ice, or both

are key ingredients in every aspect of the Cryosphere. It includes sea ice, glaciers, ice shelves, icebergs, and frozen ground.

  • Snow

    Snow is precipitation made up of ice crystals. When cold temperatures and high humidity levels combine in the atmosphere, snow crystals form.
    As long as air temperature remains below freezing, the crystals will fall to the Earth as snow. Snow can be found all over the world, even near the equator, provided the elevations are that much high.
    It reflects sunlight and affects our planet’s climate.

  • Ice

    Ice forms when temperatures drop below the freezing point and liquid water becomes a solid, creating a tightly bonded substance.
    Ice is a key ingredient in glaciers, sea ice, ice shelves, icebergs, and frozen ground.
    Naturally occurring ice exists all over the world, but mostly forms in the high latitudes, at high elevations, or even at night when temperatures cool.

  • Sea Ice

    Sea ice forms when water in the oceans is cooled to temperatures below freezing point. Most sea ice forms in the Arctic and Antarctic Oceans.
    It would be pretty surprising to you that sea ice does not raise sea level when it melts, because it forms from ocean water.
    It provides a place for polar bears, seals, and other animals to live.

  • Glaciers

    Glaciers are nothing but the thick masses of ice on land.
    The ice has built up from many seasons of snowfall. Glaciers move downhill very slowly.
    Glaciers cover 10 % of the world’s total land area.

  • Ice shelves, icebergs and frozen ground

  1. Ice shelves

    are platforms of ice that form where ice sheets and glaciers move out into the oceans. Ice shelves exist mostly in Antarctica and Greenland, as well as in the Arctic near Canada and Alaska.

  2. Icebergs

    are chunks of ice that break off glaciers and ice shelves and drift in the oceans.
    Ice shelves and icebergs raise sea level when they first leave land and push into the water. But they do not raise sea level when they melt in the water.

  3. Frozen ground

    is soil or rock in which part or all of the water has frozen. If the ground is frozen all year long, we call it “permafrost,” or permanently frozen ground.
    They often has an “active layer” near the surface, where plants can live because the soil is thawed for at least part of the year.

Your turn on the cold area on earth:

Here, we discussed about some of the cold area on earth. If I have skipped anything, you can educate me through the comments. The comment section is always for the knowledge enhancement. Please try to add more value to the article.


  1. Puneet gupta says:

    Hi Yogesh,

    Informative post about the Cold area on earth. Really its amazing and i didn’t know about it … Well its nice Information for me and We should know about it and Thanks for sharing with us.

  2. Twitter:
    Hi Yogesh,

    This is really amazing, and as a matter of fact I don’t know about this earlier before now but I must tell you that am deeply indebted seeing you here as a guest author.
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  3. Twitter:
    The world changes a lot I’ve noticed. Every year it gets more and more different and I always feel like it’s up to something. The earth and the universe are beyond me and everyone. No sense in worrying, just being prepared. – Scott Craighead
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  4. Twitter:
    My parents just got back from a cruise to Alaska and they got to see some cool glaciers up there. So pretty, but so simple.
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  5. Twitter:
    Nice informative post Yogesh ! Those who have seen such places are lucky ..and with several millions of tonnes of ice in such places…the earth would be in serious trouble if the the global warming crisis continues ..

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  6. Twitter:
    I have always wondered about the consequences of melting ice in Artic and Antartic region. There will be a impact to costal cities around the world when a major melting happens and sea level rises. Hopefully that only looks like a long term impact. Also, I have a friend who recently visited one of the Island in Antartica. I hope I can visit Antartica one day. During one of my visits to Christchurch in New Zealand, I got a chance to visit a museum sections that featured Antartica.
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  7. Twitter:
    hello yogesh,
    thanks for the informative post. yes for change in the seasons these cold places like Antarctica play a vital role. AS global warming increase glaciers are melting, which affects our lives. Really very informative.
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  8. Twitter:
    Hi Chang,
    I wish you have an expedition for the Antarctica soon.
    Arctic and Antarctica are the biggest reserves of the water on earth in the solid form.
    yogesh pant recently posted..Final Result for Combined Section Officers StenographersMy Profile

  9. Twitter:
    Awesome article man, I never knew much about our geography honestly, Cryosphere seems like a interest field to study and conduct researches on.
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  10. Twitter:
    Really good work yoghash, you write very well about the cold place of earth. keep writing. thanks
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  11. Twitter:
    Hi Yogesh
    Thanks for sharing as many of us. This idea shows that you think little different according to me and i appreciate u this. Some of the regions on our earth are covered with ice throught the year. But the Glaciers are melting which in cause is quite dangerous so I’ld like to make an appeal to keep the balance of the nature.
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  12. Hi Yogesh, very cool article. I never heard much about Cryosphere before and it’s always refreshing to read about Earth’s facts. Especially now that global warming has become such a large issue that we all need to focus on.
    Ann-Elizabeth recently posted..3 top tips to sprucing up your brandMy Profile

  13. Twitter:
    Thanks Yogesh for this awesome information about Cryo sphere i was totally new to it.
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  14. Twitter:
    Reading Your Article recalls my memory that we studied in history in school times. i also have heard about the penguind living there and watch on television.Thank you Yogesh for sharing the inforrmation.
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  15. Twitter:
    I was unaware of it before reading this article thanks for sharing such an informative post with us! Thanks again howdy for sharing this piece of knowledge
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  16. Twitter:
    Very informative post. Your post are intriguing me to know more about natural phenomenons in earth.
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  17. This is really amazing, and as a matter of fact I don’t know about this earlier before now but I must tell you that am deeply indebted seeing you here as a guest author.

  18. siddhartdas says:

    Hello Dude,
    Nice Information , and Really you have good searched. we need to more know about the Cold area on Earth- Cryosphere. i can nor believe it that its true. so i would like to go over there. i think i will feel good to go over there. Thanks bro for sharing Knowledgable information. and keep searching..

  19. Farhan Memon says:

    It is a nice post on cold area of the Earth… Really Informative… :)

  20. Twitter:
    HI farhan,
    thanks for the comment.
    I think you learnt something about the cold area on earth.
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  21. Twitter:
    Nice content Yogesh…So much informative…after reading this i got lots of interesting facts about earth…
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  22. Ishan Lumba says:

    A very nice and informative post.After reading this post I must say that I now want to know ablout the earth a lot more.It has many amazing facts hidden

  23. Twitter:
    Hi Yogesh,

    What do you think about the Himalaya Range ? Does it comes under Cold Earth area ?

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  24. Twitter:
    well, thats really a very nice post ! i can bet no one can write this in this detailed form !
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  25. These are very informative data you shared in the article. I must say that one of the greatest contributor to the changing condition of our environment is us, the people, and our actions toward the earth. Kudos for a great read :)
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  26. Twitter:
    From this post I recalled my school days when I use to study Geography. Haha :P
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  27. Twitter:
    This is a educational article. :D Thanks for sharing with us man.

    Best regards from I. C. Daniel
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  28. Twitter:
    Thank you for sharing your thoughts with us! It was nice to receive such information..
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  29. Twitter:
    Very Informative Article Mate! You know that world is polluted and glaciers are melting. What do you think how many years the 30% dry earth will survive? Is Armageddon near?
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  30. George Vahs says:

    POWERFUL CRYOSPHERE! Anyone get the Joe Rogan reference? Hahaha!

  31. This is one very informative post. With the abusive actions of the people, some of these cold areas are slowly melting and the effect of these is very visible with the climate changes we experience nowadays.
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  32. Twitter:
    Love Mauna Kea in Hawaii. The locals try to take snow from the top in trucks and see if they can get any that is unmelted to the beach/ocean.
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  33. hi thanks for this article this has increased our information regarding the cold areas on earth
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  34. Twitter:
    The cryosphere is in rapid retreat as a result of global warming. Think about that next time you hit search when crawling the information super highway. Usless searches are causing huge data centre traffic issues which is adding to the global warming problem. And the retreat of glaciers and ice shelves.
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  35. Twitter:
    Well, I must say! this is really something new to me which I got to know!
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  36. Twitter:
    Thanks for the information.Great!!feeling cold after studying all this!!
    Nature is Gods creation and we cant do anything about it.Even after spending corers of money we cant create nature.but yes one can destroy it.
    thanks for sharing me,:-)
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  37. Twitter:
    hi Aditi,
    The article was intended to make a chilling effect indeed!
    I think it has been successful in accomplishing that!
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  38. I think deforestation is one of the main reasons causing climate change on Earth. Earth’s temperature will continue to rise if we do not stop this again. thanks Yogesh pant for your value information

  39. Twitter:
    Hi yogesh, its again a very nice and informative post from you. Your posts has always been different & quite informative for all of us, you are one of the few writers who still write about earth & its system and that is quite appreciable. any ways thanks for introducing with me the terms like”Cryosphere” and showing the difference between normal ICE & Sea ICE.
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  40. Twitter:
    Hi Raj,
    Thanks for appreciating my work.
    But there are still many who write about the things other than technology and gadgets.
    They seem less to you because you have other niche.
    Nice was to know that you were introduced about something new like cryosphere by me!
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  41. Bomani Benipe says:

    appriciatable post and very useful the types of ice. thanks Yogesh Pant for this important information

  42. hello yogesh
    A very nice and informative post.After reading this post I must say that I now want to know ablout the earth a lot more.It has many amazing facts hidden.

    thnkss will share it wid my frnds too

  43. Twitter:
    hi Vishvast,
    Thanks to tell me that you got to know more about our planet through one of my post.
    Keep visiting my website for more information!
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  44. Really great post Yogesh!
    I am pretty sure my knowledge is much wider after reading your post.
    Thank you.
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  45. Twitter:
    Hey yogesh,
    Very informative post and something new for me. There are lots of thing which you mentioned above about which I have no idea but after reading this post, it enhance my knowledge. Thanks for sharing this post with us.
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